A Comparative Analysis of Volatile Terpenoid Profiles in Agrobacterium rhizogenes-Transformed Hairy Roots of Helianthus annuus

Thursday, April 4, 2024 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.

Hairy roots are a syndrome of the plant pathogen Agrobacterium rhizogenes, which induces the aggressive growth of roots in the plants it infects. Hairy roots are shown to have increased secondary metabolites when compared to roots that are not transformed, especially when they are exposed to plant signaling hormones called elicitors. Two popular elicitors are Methyl Jasmonate (MeJA) and Salicylic acid (SA), which are also potent plant signaling compounds involved in plant defense and immunity. Many studies have reported on the secondary metabolites of hairy roots and their production of metabolites after exposure to elicitors. However, there is a gap in current knowledge of how hairy roots and non-transformed roots of Helianthus annuus (the common sunflower) compare in their secondary metabolite profiles, which include the volatile terpenoids they produce. In this proposal, I will use solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME GC-MS) to compare the volatile terpenoid profiles of hairy roots and non-transformed roots of H. annuus after their exposure to 0.2 mM MeJA and MeSA, the methyl ester of SA. This project will provide information on the secondary metabolism and volatile terpenoid profiles of hairy roots and explore the biotechnological applications of such insights.

Roberta Beard

Dr. Mason, Advisor

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Denise Montenegro Denise.Montenegro@ucf.edu


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